A graphics processing unit is a computer that renders graphics on the monitor from a connected graphics card. Computers may use onboard graphics or dedicated graphics.
Onboard graphics, also known as integrated graphics, refers to a computer that combines a graphics processing unit (GPU) and the CPU in one chip.
Integrated graphics are present in almost every computer. The majority of Intel and AMD’s new processors come with a fair amount of integrated graphics.
To improve work productivity, many users sometimes employ a dual-screen setup. How can you use onboard graphics for a second monitor? You’ll figure out what you need to know from this post. Read on!
How To Use Onboard Graphics For A Second Monitor
To use onboard graphics for a second monitor, you will need to enable the onboard VGA option in your BIOS settings. Note that your motherboard must support this feature for it to work.
The steps below describe how you can use onboard graphics for a second monitor.
- Go to your BIOS settings. To do this, turn on your computer and immediately long-press the Delete key.
- Using the arrow keys, enter Advanced Menu and enter System Agent.
- Go to Configuration. Some systems have Graphics Configuration in place of this.
- Select iGPU Multi-Monitor Setting. iGPU stands for integrated graphics processing unit. Select Enable.
You can now connect your second screen and enjoy a more expansive workspace. So how do you set up a second screen?
How To Set Up A Second Monitor
Your computer must have extra display ports for you to use a dual-screen setup. High-end computers may come with more recent features like HDMI, Thunderbolt, or USB-C ports. With older computers, the DVI-I ports should suffice.
Once you check the ports, ensure the monitor you want to add is compatible with the primary monitor.
Once these factors are confirmed, connect the second screen via the display ports and follow the steps below.
- Turn on your computer.
- Right-click on the home screen. From the options, select Display Settings.
- The new monitor will now be visible on the list of available displays.
- Some monitors have a wireless option that you can activate by clicking “attach to the wireless display.”
- In the list of available displays, select the second monitor
- Go to the secondary monitor’s Display Settings.
- From the menu, click on Multiple Displays. From here, you can adjust the settings to your preferences.
- At this stage, you can choose to either extend your monitor or duplicate your desktop. Both screens will function as a single screen with an extended monitor, while a duplicate screen will have the same information on two different displays.
- On your home screen, tap on the Apple icon.
- Select System Preferences > Display > Arrangement
- In the main display settings, uncheck the mirror display box
- A diagram on your main display will show the arrangement of your monitors. If the positioning is not in the correct format, locate the secondary display.
- Click and drag the secondary display icon into the correct position.
- The next step is to configure your new display. Click on Scaled and select the correct resolution for your monitor.
Tip: To get the best results, use native resolution for your display.
There are solid arguments for and against onboard graphics. How do they work? Are they better than dedicated graphics? Continue reading to find out more.
How Do Onboard Graphics Work?
Onboard graphics or Integrated Graphics Processor (IGP) is present on almost all computer motherboards.
This chip serves the same role as a video card. Both of them can access and analyze graphical data and display high-definition information on the monitor’s screen.
The CPU usually transfers the graphics load to this section of the motherboard. You will find the graphics chip soldered to the motherboard.
This graphics chip comes with limited functionality and does not require a cooling fan to function.
Advantages Of Onboard Graphics
Smaller form factor:
Onboard graphics cards are smaller than separate graphics cards. They are small because they do not require an independent cooling facility and share many CPU elements.
Onboard graphics are also less in weight. As a result, onboard graphics in laptops and other portable devices are pretty handy.
Because of its lightweight and low processing power, onboard graphics can only meet the consumers’ basic graphics requirements.
Onboard graphics consume less power. It uses a fraction of the power of dedicated graphics cards.
By consuming less power, onboard graphics help to extend the battery life of portable devices.
Reduced heat generation:
Since onboard graphics consume less power, they also generate less heat than dedicated graphics. This advantage is beneficial for laptop users.
It does not require a separate cooling system:
Onboard graphics do not require different cooling hardware since they generate little heat. The CPU cooling machinery is adequate for onboard graphics.
Onboard graphics are an integral part of the motherboard and CPU, so you do not need to purchase them separately. Also, there would be no spending on upgrades as you cannot upgrade or change them.
They use little power and, as such, are cost-effective. For this reason, laptop makers prefer onboard graphics to offer users products with more battery life.
Disadvantages Of Onboard Graphics
Due to their compact size and limited power, onboard graphics have limited functionality.
At best, you can use them to view high-definition videos and play simple games. However, you need a dedicated graphics card to view videos in 4Kor 3D or play high-end real-time games.
Fixed functionality due to not being upgradeable:
Onboard graphics chips come permanently soldered to the motherboard. You cannot upgrade them to a new or improved version.
Therefore, your computer’s graphic functionality remains fixed.
Not adequate for gaming:
High-end gaming is not possible with onboard graphics. Because of its limited processing power, it cannot seamlessly handle high-resolution graphics.
However, users can play certain basic level games and some moderate games at reduced settings with onboard graphics.
Are Onboard Graphics A Good Fit For You?
Deciding whether you are okay with onboard graphics or need to invest in a dedicated graphics card depends on your usage.
If you use your PC for simple tasks like document processing, surfing the internet, or exchanging emails, onboard graphics are perfect for you. Those tasks do not put severe pressure on your computer’s CPU and will not negatively impact performance.
However, if you’re into serious gaming, graphics processing, or 3D modeling, onboard graphics may not suit you. These tasks are intensive and require sufficient processing power.
Using onboard graphics in these circumstances will significantly strain the CPU and cause your PC to lag. You will have to invest in a dedicated graphics card to get the best out of your computer.
The Best Onboard Graphics In The Market
Integrated graphics are worth exploring whether you want to do light gaming or build a workstation for everyday tasks like web browsing or video streaming.
Let us consider the best onboard graphics models in the market.
The Radeon RX Vega 11
The Radeon RX Vega 11 Graphics is the most powerful integrated graphics solution currently available. Radeon RX Vega 11 Graphics are the best graphics card for gaming without a dedicated GPU.
AMD has combined its CPU and GPU expertise to create the Radeon RX Vega 11 Graphics, an integrated graphics solution capable of running a wide range of games at 720p with frame rates exceeding 50 frames per second in some circumstances.
The Radeon RX Vega 11, which has a clock speed of 1250 MHz, has impressive specs. This chip features 11 compute units, DDR4-2400 RAM, and DirectX 12 compatibility in a fifth-generation Vega architecture.
In addition, AMD’s 14nm production yields efficiency gains with a TDP of 65 Watt. The Radeon RX Vega 11 Graphics work best at 720p with low to medium settings.
Iris Pro Graphics P580
The Iris Pro Graphics P580 is still Intel’s most powerful integrated graphics solution, despite not being the company’s most recent onboard graphics model.
With 1.16 Teraflops of processing capabilities, the Iris Pro Graphics P580 is as good as it gets in terms of Intel and integrated graphics.
The Intel Iris Pro Graphics P580 runs at 1000 MHz and supports DirectX 12. There are 576 shading units, 72 execute units and 128 MB of eDRAM on this chip. This chip has an outstanding power efficiency while having a low TDP of 45 Watt.
Iris Plus Graphics
Intel’s Iris Plus Graphics technology is the company’s most widely used onboard graphics technology. Intel’s Iris Plus Graphics delivers a surprising amount of graphical power.
The Intel Iris Plus Graphics features 64 compute units, a 64 MB eDRAM, and a top Teraflop rating of 1126. It boasts a base clock speed of 300 MHz. It is available in several Intel Core i3, i5, and i7 CPUs, giving us plenty of choices when it comes to finding the best CPU for our needs and budget.
Although Onboard graphics are compact, consume less power, and cost less than a dedicated graphics card, these qualities limit their functionality.
Many users use a multi-screen setup to increase their efficiency at work.
You’ll need to enable the onboard VGA option in your BIOS settings to use onboard graphics for a second monitor.
Your computer must have additional display ports to set up dual monitors. More contemporary technologies, such as HDMI, Thunderbolt, or USB-C connections, may be included in high-end PCs. The DVI-I ports should suffice with older machines.