The central processing unit is the computer component that receives, reads, executes, and processes the results of information imputed into the computer.
Frames per second (FPS) refers to the number of image refreshes occurring in one second. For example, when a game runs on 60fps, it displays 60 images per second. The more the fps, the smoother the transition in the game. However, the lower the fps, the slower the transition.
Can the CPU do anything to increase your fps to get your game running smoothly? Read on to find out.
Does the CPU Increase FPS?
The answer is yes. Upgrading the CPU will increase FPS speed but not have the same impact as the GPU. It’s so because the CPU needs to tally with the GPU for optimum performance. So if a GPU is weak and the CPU is strong, it’ll lead to stutters and low fps.
On the other hand, if the CPU is weak and you have a good GPU, it’ll lead to a bottleneck, causing the CPU to max out in order to meet up with the speed of the GPU.
To help this case, you can upgrade your CPU. Adding more cores to your existing CPU cores will enable it to distribute tasks evenly while gaming.
In addition, doing this will enable your CPU to perform better and increase fps as the CPU now has more space to carry out its activities without getting maxed out.
CPU also increases fps with a high-clock speed. Take note of the clock speed of a CPU before buying it, and know that you can’t ascertain a CPU clock speed by just looking at it. You’ll need to consult some approved benchmarks because the architecture of CPUs is different.
Reasons For Low FPS
An fps is low when it’s running at a slower rate than it’s meant to or running at a rate lower than the monitor’s refresh rate. For example, videos can work well with 24fps, but the lowest a game can use comfortably is 60fps.
If you’re gaming with 24fps, the game will be unresponsive and rough. On the other hand, a low fps equals a high latency rate, especially in gaming.
There are some reasons why your fps may be slow. They’re:
- Slow or old graphics card
- Outdated drivers
- High game settings
- Increased resolution beyond necessary
- Running background programs
How To Boost FPS
Decrease the resolution:
The GPU of an average computer will find it difficult to run high-end games with a high resolution coupled with a high frames rate. If you need a higher frame rate, you’ll have to compromise on your resolution.
For example, reducing your resolution from 1080p (1080×1920) to 900p (900×1600) can boost your frames rate because it lessens the work of the GPU, as it no longer produces as many pixels as it did before. As a result, your game may not look so clear, but it’ll run smoother.
Activate Game Mode in Windows 10:
Game mode is a built-in tool in Windows 10, and it helps prioritize the system’s activities when gaming. All windows ten has enabled the Game Mode by default setting since mid-2019.
When the game mode is activated in Windows 10, it stops other operations such as app notifications or windows updating when gaming. When this happens, it boosts the fps of the game. To activate a deactivated Game Mode,
Settings (click the cog item on the start menu) -> gaming -> Select Game Mode (confirm that the game mode is turned on).
Updating the graphics card drivers:
Your graphics card is crucial to your gaming experience, but it can’t unleash its full potential without good graphics drivers. Updating your graphics card driver boosts your fps.
An AVG Driver Updater can help you update your drivers from time to time, so you don’t have to bother about updating your drivers. In addition, you can update your graphics card personally on your system by visiting the manufacturer’s website to download the latest drivers.
Adjust game video’s settings:
Aside from adjusting the resolution, you can as well adjust other game video settings such as:
VSync: This setting helps balance the refresh rate and the frames rate. Although it’s helpful to prevent screen tearing, VSync also reduces fps. To boost your fps, turn off VSync and see the difference. If your screen begins to tear, turn it back on.
Graphics details: Decrease the quality of the texture, levels, shadows, reflections, and textures. Doing this will make your game look less life-like, but it’ll run smoothly.
Draw distance: If possible, reduce the draw distance. That’s the distance at which the game renders far-off objects. If the GPU concentrates on displaying objects present, it’ll increase the fps rate.
Anti-aliasing: Anti-aliasing smoothes out the rough edges of the objects present in your game. Try turning it off and turning it on again. Then, gradually increase it to the point where it doesn’t affect the fps but significantly impacts your graphics. Explore all options of anti-aliasing that your game has to offer.
Graphics effect: Reduce or completely turn off lens flare, motion blur, and other graphics glares. It’ll reduce the load on the GPU and increase fps.
Change settings of the graphics card: Some graphics cards like AMD and NVIDIA have control panels to change the performance settings on your card. Several options can help increase your fps, but the most useful is changing your power mode to the maximum.
Doing this stops your graphics card from saving electricity or being efficient by decreasing processing power.
Functions Of CPU
The CPU gets the information to be processed from the program memory, storing the address of the next information to be processed using numbers. The address is from the program counter, whose function is to track the following information to be fetched.
It’s time to decode the instructions fetched earlier. The programs to be executed are to be translated into Assembly instructions. Decoding refers to the translation of Assembly codes into binary instructions which your CPU can understand.
The execution stage consists of a series of activities. The CPU, while executing instructions, can either move data from one memory location to another, calculate with its ALU, or move to a different address.
The instructions executed by the CPU will then be recorded on the memory.
Types Of CPU
CPUs are critical in every system because of their function in the system. In addition, every other system unit is connected to the CPU, so you want to be sure of the type of CPU you’re about to buy.
Single-core CPU happens to be the oldest type of CPU. The single-core CPU can only process one activity at a time. It can’t multitask. If you’re working on a program, you can’t open another till you’re done with the first one.
This delay makes work very slow and less productive. Attempting to multitask with the single-core CPU will lead to a decrease in the system’s performance. A single-core CPU’s performance is dependent on its clock speed which is a measure of its power.
Dual-core CPU is a single CPU that has two cores and operates like a dual CPU in one. Its duality gives room for multitasking, unlike the single-core CPU.
For greater efficiency of the dual-core CPU, you’ll need to implement a specialized code called simultaneous multi-threading technology (SMT) on the operating system and the running programs.
Quad-core CPU is a single CPU with four cores. It can multitask efficiently and effectively by distributing the workload on all four cores.
All four cores are connected to other circuits inside the chip, such as memory, I/O port management, and cache. Like gamers, quad-core CPUs are used by people who engage in different activities simultaneously.
Hexa Core processors: It’s also a multi-core CPU with six cores and works faster and far better than the quad- or dual-core CPU. In times past, smartphones only used dual- and quad-core processors, but nowadays, smartphones have hexa core processors.
Components Of CPU
As its name implies, the control unit monitors the computing processes but does not execute the data processing. Here are some functions of the control unit:
- It controls the movement of data and instructions among other computer units.
- It works with the input and output devices for the transfer of data.
- It manages and controls the activities of other units of the computer.
- It collects the memory instructions, interprets them, and regulates all computer operations.
This unit can also be called the internal storage unit, main memory, or Random Access Memory (RAM). It’s responsible for storing data and instructions and distributing them to other units when needed. Here are some functions of the storage unit:
- First, it stores intermediate results of all data being processed.
- You can find all data and instructions processed in the storage unit.
- It transfers all inputs and outputs.
- It first stores the final results before they’re processed.
Arithmetic logic unit:
The ALU is the unit that does all calculations and takes the decisions. The latest versions of computers contain highly complicated and efficient ALUs. ALU can be divided into two sections:
The arithmetic section covers all arithmetic problems like subtraction, addition, division, multiplication, and other complex problems.
The logic section handles all logical issues such as data collection, comparison, merging, and matching.
The CPU is the computer component that receives, reads, executes, and processes the results of information input.
The number of frames per second (FPS) refers to the number of image refreshes that occur in one second. The higher the frame rates, the smoother the transition and vice versa.
Upgrading the CPU will improve FPS speed, but not as much as upgrading the GPU. Therefore, the CPU and GPU must be in sync for optimal performance. Stutters and low frame rates will result if a GPU is weak and the CPU is strong.